Both the miswak and the olive sticks come from Pakistan. I did get samples from other places which I tried but they weren’t quite right. The miswak produced in other countries was either too small, from Mecca, too dry and tough, and from other places containing artificial flavours and packed in plastic. I can buy the ones from Pakistan in bulk packaging so that I can supply them plastic free. Plus they are the freshest looking miswak I have ever seen.